I have planted, Apollos watered; but God gave the increase.
So then neither is he that planteth anything, either he that watereth; but God that giveth the increase
(1 Cor. 3:6-7)
Presbyterian University and Theological Seminary has celebrated its 120th anniversary. Our proud ancestors have planted the seed of the gospel and watered it with their faithful hearts and God has let it grow for 120 years. The special exhibition commemorating the 120th anniversary, ‘120 years of Presbyterian University and Theological Seminary, the Daybreak: those people, at that time’ sheds light on the responses of people who played a role as a cornerstone of Presbyterian University and Theological Seminary at the dawning of Korean missionary work, from a Bible class, producing 7 pastors to the beginning of the General Assembly.
The exhibition consists of three stories. The first story, ‘Craving for Faith’, is the appearance of Korean churches which accomplished significant quantitative revival in a very short period thanks to the early Bible classes and indigenous help. The second story is ‘From a Class of Theology Course to Chosun Presbyterian Seminary’. It allows you to peep into a theology class in 1901 which was composed of 2 students, Chong-Sub Kim and Ki-Chang Pang, to school system, curriculums, students and faculty until 1907. The third story, ‘The trace of those people at that time,’ introduces the appearance of people at the dawning of Korean gospel, accomplished with God, via video clips and relics. It is hoped that this exhibition plays a role as a blessed chance to reflect on each one’s response in front of God.
‘Craving for Faith’
Translated Korean Bibles and evangelizing documents flowed from Manchuria in the 1880s enabled Koreans to have faith. The first Bible class in 1890 conducted with missionaries thrived and become a hatch to grow Korean leaders. The Bible women and colporteurs played a significant role in supplying the bibles and evangelizing documents. Also, the commitment of helpers and leaders who took care of individual churches had tremendous influence. As a result, the number of churches increased by 52 in 1901 from only 2 throughout the nation in 1888. By 1904, there were more than thirty thousand believers. This Great Awakening let people desire to have Korean ministers.
‘From a Class of Theology Course to Chosun Presbyterian Seminary’
In 1900, the Pyongyang Council catechized and permitted Jong-Seop Kim and Ki-Chan Pang who were both elders and helpers as candidates for the ordained pastors. Eventually in 1901, the Theology class started at the house of Samuel Moffett. The number of students increased to 6 in 1903, as Jeon-Beak Yang, Sun-Joo Kil, Ki-Pung Ye, and In-Seo Song were admitted. During that fall, the Presbyterian Council adopted the academic system, 3 years of preliminary course (research course) and 5 years of main course (Theology course).
In 1907, there were 4 classes in the theology course, and 76 students were attending. 4 Presbyterian missionaries served as professors, and the first 7 graduates were consecrated as pastors in that June. since 1907, the ‘theology course’ has been called by ‘Daehan Presbyterian Seminary’ and then changed to ‘Chosun Presbyterian Seminary’ later on. Thereafter, the Inaugural Council of Chosun Presbyterian Church was held at the hall of this school in 1912.
‘The trace of those people at that time’
From the dawning, the faithful response to God of those who became the cornerstone of Presbyterian University and Theological Seminary is vestigial and has been left as the trails of their lives. You will encounter every aspect of the lives and the list of 1st through 5th graduates, along with the relics smeared with the traces of life of the people at that time.